01 Jun Understanding Gas…the fuel for Africa
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is a clean, efficient, and portage energy source that has garnered considerable popularity around the world. Although liquefied petroleum gas is primarily obtained during oil production and natural gas, it is increasingly being produced from an array of renewable resources.
With the rise in focus on reducing GHG emissions and ensuring sustainable energy for all, the use of LPG has been growing globally across various sectors. The exponential rise in the demand for liquefied petroleum gas can be largely attributed to its unique clean fuel properties which can be used in a broad spectrum of domestic and industrial spheres for multiple applications. Liquefied petroleum gas is predominantly used in homes as a clean-burning smoke-free fuel for indoor cooking mostly in Africa.
Nigeria has an estimated reserve of about 203 trillion cubic feet (tcf), ranking her as the largest producer of LPG in West Africa but its utilisation in the country is said to be the lowest in the region. The Country largely relies on importation of LPG which affects local pricing of the product. This is also a major bottleneck for the end users in the Country. To further boost the adoption of LPG, there has been significant support from the Nigerian government in the form of initiatives and policies. The government inaugurated the National Gas Expansion Programme Committee to steer the gas sector for optimal performance and better utilisation of Nigeria’s abundant gas resources by reforming and implementing a market infrastructure strategy to promote cost-effective distribution and domestic utilisation of LPG in Nigeria.
The Nigerian Gas Flare Commercialization Programme (NGFCP) is a government initiative that harnesses the stimulation of economic growth, drive investments, promotes sustainable value and wealth creation through the utilization of widely available innovative technologies to eliminate gas flaring through technically and commercially sustainable gas utilization projects. The programme was inaugurated after the Federal government has ratified the Paris Climate Change Agreement and is a signatory to the Global Gas Flaring Partnership (GGFR) principles for global flare-out by 2030.
The Nigerian Content Development and Monitoring Board (NCDMB), the body in charge of promoting the development and utilization of in-country capacities for the industrialization of Nigeria, has partnered with Rungas Prime Industries to manufacture composite gas cylinders which will discourage in-flow of substandard and expired LPG cylinders in Nigeria and jump- start a new cylinder-producing industry. This initiative would make cylinders affordable and encourage a switch to LPG and create a new industry in the LPG value chain with respect to local manufacturing.
It is important to stress here that there are enormous potentials that can be exploited to encourage a switch to liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for cooking; exploiting that potential promises to improve the quality of lives and bring major social, economic and environmental benefits in Africa.